Prambanan temple is located in the Park of Prambanan, about 17 kilometre east of Yogyakarta. Prambanan is the largest Hindu temple in Indonesia. Until now not been established when the temple was built and who ordered, but the strong suspicion that the temple was built in the mid 9th century AD by Raja Maha Sambu Balitung of Sanjaya dynasty. The assumption is based on the content Syiwagrha inscription found around Prambanan and is now kept in the National Museum in Jakarta. Stone inscription dated 856 AD was written during the reign of Rakai Pikatan.
The restoration takes a long time, as if nothing had finished. Rediscovery of the greatest ruins, the temple of Shiva reported by CA Lons in 1733. Every effort excavation and recording of the first conducted under the supervision of Groneman. Excavation temple completed in 1885 that includes cleansing scrub and rock groupings temple ruins.
In 1902, excavations continued efforts by van Erp. Grouping and identification of rock debris carried in more detail. In 1918, restoration of the Prambanan temple was resumed under the supervision of the Department of Antiquities (Oudheidkundige Dienst) were supervised by PJ Perquin. Through these efforts, some of the ruins of the temple of Shiva can be renovated. In 1926, formed a restoration committee temple site, under the leadership of De Haan to continue the efforts that have been implemented Perquin. Under supervision, the development of more refined results Shiva temple, Apit temple continued renovation.
In 1931, De Haan died and was replaced by VR Romondt van. The second restoration Apit temple was completed in 1932. The restoration was stopped in 1942, when Japan took power in Indonesia. After going through a long process and halting the war and the transition of power, in 1953, the restoration of the temple and two Shiva temples Apit successfully completed. Until now, the Prambanan temple restoration continues implemented gradually.