Prambanan temple is located in east part of Yogyakarta, known as the largest Hindu temple in Indonesia. It was not been established when the temple was built and who ordered, but the strong suspicion that the temple was built in 9th century AD by king Balitung Maha Sambu of Sanjaya dynasty. The assumption is based on the content Syiwagrha inscription found around Prambanan and now kept in the National Museum in Jakarta. The stone inscription was dated 856 AD was written during the reign of Rakai Pikatan.
The restoration takes a long time, as if nothing had finished. Prambanan temple was rediscovery of greatest ruins, Shiva temple reported by CA Lons in 1733. Every effort excavation and recording of the first conducted under the supervision of Groneman. Excavation temple completed in 1885 that includes cleansing scrub and rock groupings temple ruins.
In 1902, excavations continued efforts by van Erp. Grouping and identification of rock debris carried in more detail. Restoration of Prambanan temple was resumed under supervision of Antiquities department and supervised by P.J. Perquin. Through these efforts, some of the ruins of the temple of Shiva can be renovated. In 1926, formed a restoration committee temple site, under the leadership of De Haan to continue the efforts that have been implemented Perquin. Under supervision, the development of more refined results Shiva and temples, continued renovation.
In 1931, De Haan died and was replaced by V.R Romondt . The second restoration Apit temple was completed in 1932. The restoration was stopped in 1942, when Japan took power in Indonesia. After going through a long process and halting the war and the transition of power, in 1953, the restoration of Shiva and Apit temples successfully completed. The Prambanan temple restoration continues implemented gradually.