Penataran temple is located in the village of Penataran, Nglegok district, Blitar, East Java. Located at the foot of Mount Kelud, it makes the area around the temple is upgrading air cool. Penataran temple complex is the biggest enshrinement of Hinduism and the most well preserved in the province of East Java. Penataran Temple temple is rich with various reliefs, statues, and a Hindu-style structures. There is a statue of Kala, Ganesya, Dwarapala, as well as relief of Ramayana, as proof that the temple of Penataran is an homage to the Hindu temple.
Inscription Palah Upgrading existing temple indicate that the temple was built around the year 1194 AD, during the reign of the kingdom of Kadiri Syrenggra and completed construction in the kingdom of Majapahit. Thus, we can say that the temple is through the three great kingdoms archipelago: the kingdom of Kadiri, Singasari and Majapahit. Penataran temple has an important role for some of the surrounding kingdoms, which is used as the appointment of the king and as a place of ritual worship to the Creator.
In the book written by the Mpu Prapanca Negarakertagama, explaining that the temple of Penataran is highly respected by the king and the royal officials in the area around East Java. Penataran temple once used to store ash king Rajasa Ken Arok as a founder of the kingdom Singasari, and also ash king Raden Wijaya Kertarajasa Jayawardhana or as the founder of the kingdom of Majapahit. According to local folklore, Palapa oath pronounced by the Supreme Penataran temple prime minister Gajah Mada to unite the whole archipelago in the power of Majapahit.