Penataran temple located in Nglegok district, Blitar town East Java. It is on foot of Mount Kelud and that makes the air around upgrading air fresh and cool. Penataran temple complex is the biggest enshrinement of Hinduism and well preserved in the province of East Java. Penataran temple has various reliefs, statues and a Hindu style structure. There is a statue of Kala, Ganesya, Dwarapala, as well as relief of Ramayana story, as proof that Penataran temple is homage to Hindu temple.
Inscription Palah of existing temple indicate that the temple was built around the year of 1.194 AD, during the reign of Syrenggra of Kediri kingdom and that was completed construction by Majapahit kingdom. So, it can say that the temple was through the three great kingdoms archipelago, they were: Kediri, Singasari and Majapahit kingdoms. Penataran temple has an important role for some of surrounding kingdoms, which is used as appointment place and ritual worship to Brahma God as the Creation.
In Mpu Prapanca Negarakertagama book written, explaining about Penataran temple with highly respected by the king and royal officials around East Java. Penataran temple was once used to store ash king Rajasa Ken Arok as founder of Singasari kingdom, and also ash of king Raden Wijaya Kertarajasa Jayawardhana or as the founder of Majapahit kingdom. According to local folklore, Palapa Swear pronounced the supreme in Penataran temple by prime minister of Gajah Mada to the whole archipelago power by Majapahit kingdom.