Batik is known since several centuries ago in the land of Java. If traced the development of batik in Java, meals will not be separated from the development of the art of batik in Central Java. Batik Jogja is part of the historical development of batik in Central Java who have experienced a mix several shades of other areas. Batik Jogja trip can not be separated from Giyanti treaty in 1755. Once the Mataram kingdom split into two, and Kraton Ngayogyakarta stand, clothing Mataram trafficked from Surakarta to Ngayogyakarta the Sri Susuhunan Pakubuwono II new fashion design custom clothing that is different from Surakarta palace fashion.
The village is Giyanti talks took place, and the results are as follows: Region Mataram was divided into two, one part under the authority of His Majesty Paduka Sri PB II in Surakarta Sultanate, partly under the control of yet another Prince Kanjeng Mangkubumi that after taking the title of king Dalem Ngersa Sampeyan Dalem Ingkang Sinuhun Kangjeng Sultan Buwana Senopati ing Ngalaga Ngabdul Rachman Sayidin Panatagama Kalifatullah ingkang jumeneng Kaping I, then the court is called Ngayogyakarta. All heirloom Mataram halved. Clothing batik Mataraman brought to Yogyakarta, because Kanjeng Pangeran Mangkubumi want to preserve it. Under the rule of Sri Paduka Susuhunan PB III design new fashion and managed to make custom clothing Surakarta palace as seen today.
Characteristic Yogyakarta batik style there are two kinds of background or base colour of white and black cloth. Batik colours can be white, navy blue and brown Soga. Sered white cloth laboured not to break so conceded Soga, good fabric black and white background. Variety of decorations: the geometric slashes Lerek, crosshairs or fried and Kawung, as well as woven and Limaran. Decorative non-geometric cement, lung and Boketan scrolls. Decorative symbolic and closely associated with the Hindu philosophy and Java, among others: Sawat symbolises the height king crown, Meru symbolises earth, the Dragon symbolises water, the bird symbolises wind and flame symbolises.