Batik is known since several centuries ago in the land of Java. Traced the development of batik in Java, meals will not be separated from batik art of development in Central Java. Batik Jogja is part of historical development in Central Java who has experienced mix several shades of other areas. it can not be separated from Giyanti treaty in 1755. Once the Mataram kingdom split into two, there were: Kraton Ngayogyakarta stand, clothing Mataram trafficked from Surakarta to Ngayogyakarta. Sri Susuhunan Pakubuwono II design custom clothing is different from Surakarta palace fashion.
Giyanti village talks took place and the results as follows: Region Mataram was divided into two, one part under the authority of Sri Paduka Sri PB II in Surakarta Sultanate, partly under control of Prince Kanjeng Mangkubumi that after taking title of king Dalem Ngersa Sampeyan Dalem Ingkang Sinuhun Kangjeng Sultan Buwana Senopati ing Ngalaga Ngabdul Rachman Sayidin Panatagama Kalifatullah ingkang jumeneng Kaping I, then the court is called Ngayogyakarta, All of Mataram heirloom halved. Clothing batik of Mataraman brought in to Yogyakarta, because Kanjeng Pangeran Mangkubumi wants to preserve it. Under the rule of Sri Paduka Susuhunan PB III, new design fashion and managed to make custom clothing Surakarta palace as seen today.
There are 2 characteristic Yogyakarta batik style, kinds of background or base color of white and black cloth. Batik color can be white, navy blue and brown Soga. Sered white cloth labored not to break so conceded Soga, good fabric black and white background. Variety of decorations: the geometric slashes Lerek, crosshairs or fried and Kawung, as well as woven and Limaran. Decorative non-geometric cement, lung and Boketan scrolls. Decorative symbolic and closely associated with Java - Hindu philosophies, among others: Sawat symbolizes the height king crown, Meru symbolizes earth, Dragon symbolizes water, bird symbolizes wind and flame symbolizes.