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Kalasan Temple

Kalasan temple located in the village Kalibening, Tirtamani, Sleman, Yogyakarta. In Kalasan temple inscription says that the temple is also called Kalibening temple, according to the name of the village where the temple located is. Not far from Kalasan temple there is a temple named Sari temple. In the two temples are similar in beauty and subtlety sculpture building. Another distinctive feature observed in the second temple was used to coat vajralepa ornaments and reliefs on the exterior walls.

Generally, a temple built by the king in his time for various purposes of worship, a residence for monks, royal centre where operations or religious teaching. The information about Kalasan loaded inscription written in 778 AD. The inscription is written in Sanskrit and use letters pranagari. In Kalasan temple inscription explained that, religious advisors have suggested that Sailendra dynasty Maharaja Tejapurnama Panangkarana sacred building to worship Goddess Tara and a monastery for Buddhist monks. According to King Balitung's inscription, Tejapurnama Panangkarana Rakai Panangkaran is none other than the son of King Sanjaya of the Hindu Kingdom of Mataram.

Rakai Panangkaran later became king of the second Mataram Hindu. During the period 750 to 850 AD the northern region of Central Java ruled by kings of Sanjaya dynasty of Hindu god Shiva and worshiped. This is evident from the character of the temple that was built in the area. During the same period also, Wangsa dynasty Buddhist Mahayana already leaning Tantryana flow and power in the southern part of Central Java. The division of power influence the nature of the temple that was built in their respective areas at the time. Both dynasty was eventually incorporated by marriage Rakai Pikatan (838-851 AD) with Pramodawardhani, crown prince of Maharaja Samarattungga dynasty.