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Kalasan Temple

Kalasan temple lies in Kalibening village, Tirtamani, Sleman, Yogyakarta. In Kalasan inscription said, that the temple is also called Kalibening, caused of the temple lies in Kalibening village. Not far from Kalasan, there is another temple with named Sari temple. Both temples are similar beauty and subtlety sculpture building. Another distinctive feature observed in the second temple was used to coat Vajralepa ornaments and reliefs on the exterior walls.

Generally, the temple built by the king in his time for various purposes of worship, residence for monks, royal centre where operations or religious teaching. The information about Kalasan loaded inscription written in 778 AD. The inscription is written in Sanskrit and use letters of Pranagari. In Kalasan temple inscription explained, that religious advisor has suggested that Syailendra dynasty Maharaja Tejapurnama Panangkarana sacred building to worship Goddess Tara and a monastery for Buddhist monks. According to King Balitung's inscription, Tejapurnama Panangkarana Rakai Panangkaran is none other than King Sanjaya' son of Mataram Hindus Kingdom.

Rakai Panangkaran later became second Mataram Hindus king. During the period 750 to 850 AD the northern region of Central Java ruled by kings of Sanjaya dynasty of Hindu God Shiva and worshiped. This is evident from the character of the temple that was built in this area. During the same period also, Wangsa dynasty Buddhist Mahayana already leaning Tantryana flow and power in southern part of Central Java. The division of power influences the nature of temple that was built in their respective areas at the time. Both dynasties were eventually incorporated by marriage Rakai Pikatan (838-851 AD) with Pramodawardhani, crown prince of Maharaja Samarattungga dynasty.