Malioboro Street was witness Yogyakarta history in the past time. The length stretches above Sultan Palace building, White Monument and Mount Merapi. The street is heart of Yogyakarta, it keeps abreast of changing times. Malioboro name believed taken in to 2 versions of legendary, the first was taken from British nobility, namely Marlborough, UK resident in Yogyakarta at the year 1811 - 1816. The Second version from Sanskrit words meaning Malioboro wreath, because this place was filled with bouquet of flowers every time Sultan Palace execute celebration. More than 250 years, Malioboro has been transformed into economic activity through traditional market reigned by Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I. It was started from 1758 until now, Malioboro still persist as trade centre and it becomes one of faces representing in Yogyakarta.
Since Malioboro become centre of government and economy, every part of street is witness and it used to be one of the most important roles in Yogyakarta history. Presidential Palace building, which was built in 1823, became important point of historical development Yogyakarta and the cornerstone of Indonesia Republic. That was important historical building when Indonesia begins. On January 6 ‘1946, Yogyakarta officially became new capital city of Indonesia. The Presidential Palace of Yogyakarta or Gedung Agung was residence of President Sukarno and his family. Inaugural, General Sudirman as the supreme military commander and attended the inauguration as Chairman Shoots Armed Forces of Indonesia, as well as 5 young Czech Cabinet that was formed and sworn at Indonesia Presidential Palace.
Vredeburg directly opposite to Court House, building which known by name of Rusternburg built in 1760. Perceived grandeur of Vredeburg first proposed by Dutch governors named WH Van Ossenberch, the premise of maintaining stability of government security lane I. The Dutch Party for 5-years waiting period to get approval from Sultan to improve Rusternburg Fortress. Construction of castle with European style by architect Frans Haak. Then the fort building was named Vredeburg, which means peace.
Along Malioboro streets, visitors can enjoy the experience of shopping along the sidewalk. Plenty of Yogyakarta local handicrafts such as: batik, Javanese head of Blangkon, rattan ornament, leather puppets, bamboo crafts and silver. Shoppers get experience in bargaining price and get the different culture to shop.