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Borobudur Temple

Borobudur temple is one of the famous tourist attraction in Indonesia located in Magelang, Central Java. Borobudur was built around the year AD 800 or so by the Mahayana Buddhists. In the history of Borobudur temple, there are several theories explaining the origin of the name Borobudur temple. One is that the name comes from the word Sambharabhudhara borobudur which means mountain.

In addition there are some other folk etymology, as the Borobudur derived from the words of the Buddhas is due to shift the sound to Borobudur. Another explanation that it comes from two words namely Bara and beduhur. Coal comes from the word Vihara, there is also another explanation in which Bara comes from Sanskrit which means temple or monastery complex and meaning beduhur High. Historian J.G. de Casparis found Borobudur is a place of worship. According to the inscription Karangtengah and Kahulunan, Casparis predict who founded Borobudur temple is the king of Mataram dynasty named Samaratungga, who did the construction in 824 AD.

Building a new temple could be completed by the time her daughter, the Queen Pramudawardhani. Borobudur Development is expected to take 50 years. In Karangtengah inscriptions also mentioned about the bestowal of land sima or tax-free land by Ç.R Kahulunan Pramudawardhani. Location of Borobudur temple was located in the hills above the village of Borobudur, Mungkid, Magelang. Surrounded by Hill Manoreh stretching from east to west. While the east part are Mount Merapi and Merbau and the west there are mount Sindoro and Sumbing.

It takes no less than 5 million, equivalent andesite blocks with 90,000 sq m to build the temple of Borobudur. The overall weight of the temple reached 5.5 million tons. Like most temples, Bororbudur building has 3 parts, namely the legs, body and top. At the foot called Kamadhatu, which tells the story of a life filled with lust and bestiality. Then Ruphadatu, which describes a level of consciousness that is still bound lust, material and shape. While the levels are no longer bound Aruphadatu lust, material and shape depicted in the form of an empty stupa. It can only be achieved with the desire and emptiness.